Amazing informations about High blood pressure (hypertension) part 3

John Heywood
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Amazing informations about High blood pressure (hypertension) part 3
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Hypertensive Cardiovascular Disease

Is an umbrella term for a disease which includes enlargement of the heart, coronary heart disease, and heart failure. These results from suffering often for a long period of time from high blood pressure (hypertension). 
When you suffer from untreated high blood pressure, the heart must work extra hard to pump your blood around your body. In a standard healthy body it can maintain this extra work for months or even a few years, however eventually it becomes tired and the muscles in the heart become increased. The arteries which supply the blood also suffer, they begin to harden and often become coated with cholesterol plaque which makes them become slim. Because of this, the heart has to work even harder and becomes even more diseased. 

The problem with this type of disease is it tends to creep up on people unexpectedly. Lots of those who reach the stage of hypertensive cardio vascular disease probably had no idea they even had a raised blood pressure as they had no symptoms, very regularly the first sign they are ill is when they are rushed into hospital with cardiac problems or even sudden stroke. This is why this disease is also known as the "silent killer".
Symptoms to look out for if you have a history of high blood pressure and suspect you may have hypertensive cardiovascular disease is:

1.    Shortness of breath 
2.    Chest pain
3.    Weakness and fatigue
4.    Oedema or swelling in ankles and feet
5.    Frequency of micturition (Urinating)
6.    Sweating and dizziness
7.    Nausea and stomach pain

If you have high blood pressure and you present with any of these symptoms you should seek medical assistance urgently.

Because high blood pressure is so common, numerous people make the mistake of thinking it's not a serious condition. If it is caught and treated early enough it does not have to be serious, but if left untreated then it can ultimately cause damage to not only your heart but also other organs in your body such as your kidneys and eyes. You’re also at a greater risk of developing type two diabetes and stroke if you suffer from high blood pressure.

If you do have hypertensive cardiovascular disease then its imperative it's treated medically by a competent health care provider otherwise you may be at risk of developing further health complications such as angina, stroke, heart arrhythmias, heart failure, and unfortunately death. 

It's not all doom and gloom though, with a little bit of common sense and a change in your outlook on life you should be able to manage your high blood pressure effectively so there will be no eventual cardiovascular repercussions. 

Regular monitoring of your blood pressure is essential especially if you've taken the decision not to take any medication. Countless health care providers like to try a change in lifestyle first before they commit their patients to medication so it is important that your blood pressure is monitored carefully to ensure it doesn't get any worse. 

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Treatment for Hypertensive cardiovascular disease

The primary goal for this disease is a reduction in your blood pressure level if it's high. Dropping the blood pressure level immediately takes much of the strain off the heart and helps it to rest. 
Obviously treatment will be varied and dependent on the exact nature of the heart disease but will possibly include diuretics, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE), beta blockers,and calcium channel blockers.

A lifestyle change may also have to be considered as Hypertensive cardiovascular disease is a very serious illness and can be fairly limiting depending on the severity. For many people mild to moderate some changes in their lifestyle may be all that's needed whilst for others they could be more far reaching. It is a discussion that needs to be made with both your physician and your family.

Lower Blood Pressure Naturally

If you are one of the millions of people who are suffering from high blood pressure you may be shocked at the thought of taking medication for the rest of your life to keep it within normal restrictions. At one time the general consensus was to immediately prescribe medication for anyone no matter what their age if they had high blood pressure as it was thought this would prevent a rise the already high rates of stroke and cardiovascular disease in western society. And now, it is realised that prescribing medication for millions of people who could quite possibly treat their high blood pressure without medication is very much a better and much more sensible option.

Now there is a move amongst most health care professionals to try if possible to lower blood pressure naturally before prescribing pills and potions. Extremely often the shock of finding you have high blood pressure is the wakeup call many people need to help themselves lower it via more natural means. 

1.    Lifestyle changes are a major factor you probably need to look at if you want to decrease your blood pressure via more natural means than taking medication. If you are living a stressful caffeine filled life with too little sleep and too much fast food then it's obvious something is going to have to give and usually it's your health. Slow down to cut the caffeine out and start thinking about yourself for a change. 

2.    A proper diet filled with nutrition rather than empty carbs is something you really need to consider before it's too late and you don't have any option but to take that medication. Cut down on the fast food and start eating fresh vegetables and fruits. A high potassium low sodium diet is best so think about foods such as tomatoes, orange juice, bananas, honey dew melon ... A high sodium diet can cause the body to retain fluid which makes your heart work harder to push it round your body so make sure you cut your sodium intake right down.

3.    Stop smoking now, yes it's difficult especially if you've been smoking for a number of years, but it's either give up cigarettes or watch your health decline even further.. Your health care provider will be only too happy to give you advice on how to stop and there are plenty of aids and devices such as nicotine patches on the market to help you get through the tough stages.  

4.    Get more exercises, most of us don't take nearly enough exercise and it shows in our declining health. Get yourself with a dog so it gives you an excuse to go for a walk, start swimming, join the gym, you will soon feel the benefits.

5.    Get plenty of fresh air and I'm not particularly talking about exercise here. So countless people remain cooped up inside their homes sat at computers or games consoles instead of getting out into the yard or garden and getting some fresh air. In addition to talking about gardens, gardening can be a huge stress buster if you can get interested which all contributes to lowering your blood pressure. 

6.    Smart foods that help lower blood pressure naturally

7.    Artichokes contain natural diuretics which help in flushing excess sodium from your body 

8.    Food containing essential unsaturated fatty acids such as Omega-3. This helps enhance your immune system and protect your body against certain diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer. And oily fish is a good source of omega-3. 

9.    Nibbling on sunflower seeds is a more healthy option than nibbling on chocolate or donuts as they’re rich in minerals such as potassium and magnesium. 

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Symptoms of High Blood Pressure in Women

High blood pressure or hypertension is one of the easiest problems to treat when it is in the relatively early stages, unluckily because many women don't realise they are suffering from hypertension it is often not found until it has done quite a lot of damage to the heart and other organs of the body. 
There is some speculation amongst health professionals that a number of women who suffer from high blood pressure when they’re middle aged or older probably suffered from the disease when they were younger but it just went undiagnosed as they were not tested.

Historically high blood pressure has always been a disease associated with older age groups, it is only relatively recently that its been realised it is quite endemic in middle aged groups of people. Many health care providers are coming round to realising that more and more young people are developing symptoms of high blood pressure and are monitoring them accordingly. Men are recognized to usually be more susceptible to high blood pressure, on the other hand women are also very prone to developing it especially as they get older.

The major problem caused by high blood pressure in either sex is the eventual damage it does over time to the coronary arteries. The hardening of the arteries can have very serious consequences as there is a build-up of plaque that eventually narrows the arteries and prevents the flow of blood around the body. If this is left untouched then serious heart disease can occur which can sooner or later be fatal. This build-up of plaque occurs over many years from early adult life and is impossible to reverse once you hit middle age; therefore, in this case, prevention is much better than attempting a cure. 

It is very often difficult to pin point a cause of high blood pressure in women mainly because there are a number of factors to think about. Race and area is thought to be a factor in its development as it has been noticed that African or American women living the Southeast part of America are more likely to develop the problem. 

There are lots of other issues to consider when looking for symptoms of high blood pressure in women and they include:
1.    Smoking
2.    Diabetes
3.    Lack of exercise
4.    High salt intake
5.    Being overweight
6.    Drinking too much alcohol
7.    High cholesterol

If women take an oral contraceptive they should be monitored quite closely for any rise in their blood pressure, however a increase in blood pressure when taking the "pill" isn't so much of a worry nowadays as modern day contraceptive pills contain a lot less female hormones than they did previously. 

The Menopause is another red flag for developing high blood pressure in women with the risk increasing even more if they have undergone a hysterectomy. 

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Symptoms of high blood pressure Pre-eclamsia:

Blood pressure has to be monitored very carefully in women who are pregnant as there is the very real possibility they may develop pre-eclamsia. The truth problem with this disease is it can happen so fast that the lives of both mother and baby can be put in real danger very quickly.
Some symptoms of pre-eclamsia include:
1.    Swelling of the body especially the arms face and legs.
2.    A huge weight gain in a matter of days.
3.    Severe headaches.
4.    Dizziness and fainting.
5.    Nausea and vomiting.
6.    Visionary changes.

And if the condition gets really bad seizures can occur. 

Any woman who is pregnant and gets any of these symptoms then they should inform their doctor and midwife immediately so treatment can be given to prevent it getting any worse.

Understanding what Hypertension Is.

Many individuals are confused by or desire to know what is hypertension (high blood pressure)? Medical personnel use the term hypertension to describe a condition in which a person's blood pressure exceeds the usual blood pressure readings. Blood pressure readings are measured in millimeters of mercury and read as two numbers. The top number of the reading is called the systolic number and the bottom number is called the diastolic number. Both numbers are pressure readings. And the readings are considered to be high if the systolic pressure is higher than 140 and the diastolic number is higher than 90.

When determining what is hypertension medical staff look at these two main numbers. These numbers describe the pressure within the blood vessels of the heart, both the systolic and your diastolic numbers. Blood pressure reading is made up of these two numbers together so knowing just one number does not tell the entire story. So if your systolic number is between 120 and 139 or your diastolic number is between 80 and 89 you might be told you have pre-hypertension, which raises your risk for hypertension. Can you observe now how determining what is hypertension and what is a normal blood pressure reading or what is pre-hypertension is based on both of these numbers?

A person's blood pressure reading can be affected by several factors so in general a doctor will only make the diagnosis after a person has had consecutive readings in the higher levels. A number of the factors that may have an impact on a person's blood pressure reading include how much water and salt have been consumed, the condition of the kidneys, blood vessels, nervous system, and also the levels of hormones. Your threat for hypertension also increases with age so age is also a factor.

When patients question medical personnel about what is hypertension they often are also curious about if they are at high risk for hypertension. These only two questions usually go hand in hand. Individuals that are at higher risk for hypertension include those of African American heritage, those considered to become obese, individuals experiencing long-term stress or whom are consumed with anxiety, have a family history of hypertension, have a high sodium diet, have been diagnosed with diabetes or who smoke.

When explaining what is hypertension, there may be another term that is discussed called, "secondary hypertension" you have to note. Secondary hypertension is a medical term for a condition in which a person develops hypertension as a result of another medical condition or medication. Secondary hypertension can be the result of alcohol abuse, atherosclerosis, chronic kidney disease, an autoimmune disorder, cocaine use, coarctation of the aorta, kidney damage as a result of diabetes, or as a renal artery stenosis, or result of endocrine disorders. Medications that can have the side effect of causing secondary hypertension include appetite suppressants, cold medications, corticosteroids, birth control pills, and medications taken for migraines.

Part of the dialogue between doctor and patient when discussing what is hypertension might revolve around the symptoms of hypertension, which include confusion, fatigue, ear noise, headache, nosebleeds, vision changes, and irregular heartbeat. It may have been one or more of these symptoms that brought the patient into the doctor's office.

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There are medical tests that can be conducted that together with several blood pressure readings can help to determine is a person has dangerous hypertension. Tests that may be ordered are blood tests, an electrocardiogram, an echocardiogram, a urinalysis and an ultrasound of the kidneys. All of those tests together with blood pressure readings will give a clear picture of what is hypertension for a exacting patient. The readings and test results will be examined and discussed with the patient and a diagnosis given. If the patient have hypertension a good treatment plan will be designed that will help the individual control his or her blood pressure as well.

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